Allotropes Of Carbon

The Atoms Of Carbon Can Be Bonded Together In Different Ways

 

  • The atoms of carbon can be bonded together in different ways: allotropes of carbon. The best known are graphite, diamond, and amorphous carbon. The physical properties of carbon vary widely with the allotropic form. For example, graphite is opaque and black, while diamond is highly transparent. Graphite is soft enough to form a streak on paper (hence its name, from the Greek word “γράφω” which means “to write”), while diamond is the hardest naturally-occurring material known. Graphite is a very good conductor, while diamond has a very low electrical conductivity. Under normal conditions, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and graphene have the highest thermal conductivities of all known materials. All carbon allotropes are solids under normal conditions, with graphite being the most thermodynamically stable form. They are chemically resistant and require high temperature to react even with oxygen.

 

  • The most common oxidation state of carbon in inorganic compounds is +4, while +2 is found in carbon monoxide and other transition metal carbonyl complexes. The largest sources of inorganic carbon are limestone; dolomites and carbon dioxide, but significant quantities occur in organic deposits of coal, peat, oil and methane catharses. Carbon forms a vast number of compounds, more than any other element, with almost ten million compounds described to date, which in turn are a tiny fraction of such compounds that are theoretically possible under standard conditions.

 

You are also welcome to leave us comment from “Contact Us” page, or email us: pinalloy@gmail.com

 

Carbon Fiber Wrap

 

http://www.pinalloy.com, found in 2015 in China, international retail seller, provide auto accessories to enhance your joy with very reasonable price. We have aligned factories with technology:

Carbon

 

  • It is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. There are three naturally occurring isotopes, with 12C and 13C being stable, while 14C is radioactive, decaying with a half-life of about 5,730 years. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity.

 

  • Carbon is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. It is present in all forms of carbon-based life, and in the human body carbon is the second most abundant element by mass (about 18.5%) after oxygen. This abundance, together with the unique diversity of organic compounds and their unusual polymer-forming ability at the temperatures commonly encountered on Earth, make this element the chemical basis of all known life.

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at Steering wheel paddle shifters, Steering wheel paddles, Paddle shift automatic transmission, Carbon Car Accessories & Carbon Accessories

Advertisements

Shipping Info Part – II

  • We Ship Worldwide! All orders ship within 1 – 3 business day, and the business days are Monday-Friday and exclude Hong Kong Holidays.
  • Available shipping methods and exact shipping rates can be calculated in your cart before checkout.
  • Cost varies depending on location and number of products ordered.
  • Shipping Method: Hong Kong Post / China Post / DHL
  • Country & estimated delivery time after the tracking number is uploaded:

o             Australia: 8-15 business days

o             United States: 8-15 business days

o             UK / Spain / Germany / Netherlands / France / Italy and in many other European countries 14 – 30 working days

o             Canada: 10 – 25 working days

o             Other countries: 10 – 35 working days

  • All orders are subjected to complete payment verification before shipping.
  • Please note that weather delays or other factors beyond our control may impact delivery times and are non-refundable.

 

  • If for some reason we cannot fulfill your order, we will contact you by the email address used at checkout.

 

  • All rates are subject to change.
  • All prices are listed in US Dollars (USD).

 

  • Customs Charges and Duties: Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding or buying. Tax and duty amount is presented during delivery, not during checkout.

 

Tire Air Cap

 

http://www.pinalloy.com, found in 2015 in China, international retail seller, provide auto accessories to enhance your joy with very reasonable price. We have aligned factories with technology:

CNC router

 

  • CNC is a computer controlled cutting machine related to the hand held router used for cutting various hard materials, such as wood, composites, aluminum, steel, plastics, and foams. CNC stands for computer numerical control. CNC routers can perform the tasks of many carpentry shop machines such as the panel saw, the spindle moulder, and the boring machine. They can also cut mortises and tenons.
  • A CNC router is very similar in concept to a CNC milling machine. Instead of routing by hand, tool paths are controlled via computer numerical control. The CNC router is one of many kinds of tools that have CNC variants.
  • A CNC router typically produces consistent and high-quality work and improves factory productivity. Unlike a jig router, the CNC router can produce a one-off as effectively as repeated identical production. Automation and precision are the key benefits of CNC router tables.
  • Drawing of a Tabletop DIY – CNC router. Silver: Iron, Red: Stepper Motors, Light Brown: MDF, Dark Brown: Hard Wood
  • A CNC router can reduce waste, frequency of errors, and the time the finished product takes to get to market.

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at vw keyring, tire air cap, paddle shift, carbon fiber case & Mustang paddle shifter

Shipping Info Part – II

  • We Ship Worldwide! All orders ship within 1 – 3 business day, and the business days are Monday-Friday and exclude Hong Kong Holidays.
  • Available shipping methods and exact shipping rates can be calculated in your cart before checkout.
  • Cost varies depending on location and number of products ordered.
  • Shipping Method: Hong Kong Post / China Post / DHL
  • Country & estimated delivery time after the tracking number is uploaded:

o             Australia: 8-15 business days

o             United States: 8-15 business days

o             UK / Spain / Germany / Netherlands / France / Italy and in many other European countries 14 – 30 working days

o             Canada: 10 – 25 working days

o             Other countries: 10 – 35 working days

  • All orders are subjected to complete payment verification before shipping.
  • Please note that weather delays or other factors beyond our control may impact delivery times and are non-refundable.

 

  • If for some reason we cannot fulfill your order, we will contact you by the email address used at checkout.

 

  • All rates are subject to change.
  • All prices are listed in US Dollars (USD).

 

  • Customs Charges and Duties: Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding or buying. Tax and duty amount is presented during delivery, not during checkout.

 

Tire Air Cap

 

http://www.pinalloy.com, found in 2015 in China, international retail seller, provide auto accessories to enhance your joy with very reasonable price. We have aligned factories with technology:

CNC router

 

  • CNC is a computer controlled cutting machine related to the hand held router used for cutting various hard materials, such as wood, composites, aluminum, steel, plastics, and foams. CNC stands for computer numerical control. CNC routers can perform the tasks of many carpentry shop machines such as the panel saw, the spindle moulder, and the boring machine. They can also cut mortises and tenons.
  • A CNC router is very similar in concept to a CNC milling machine. Instead of routing by hand, tool paths are controlled via computer numerical control. The CNC router is one of many kinds of tools that have CNC variants.
  • A CNC router typically produces consistent and high-quality work and improves factory productivity. Unlike a jig router, the CNC router can produce a one-off as effectively as repeated identical production. Automation and precision are the key benefits of CNC router tables.
  • Drawing of a Tabletop DIY – CNC router. Silver: Iron, Red: Stepper Motors, Light Brown: MDF, Dark Brown: Hard Wood
  • A CNC router can reduce waste, frequency of errors, and the time the finished product takes to get to market.

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at vw keyring, tire air cap, paddle shift, carbon fiber case & Mustang paddle shifter

Compatible Model – Volkswagen Model

(Set of 2) Pinalloy Real Carbon Fiber DSG Shift Knobs Emblem Badge For VolksWagen VW Golf MK7

This Carbon Designer DSG shift knobs emblem badge is designed specifically for car fanatics. It provides comfortable driving experience and adds unique taste to car interior. This item has been proved to be a priority upgrade for most Volkswagen enthusiasts.

 

Spec:

 

  • Including: (Set of 2 – Left and Right per 1) Pinalloy Real Carbon Fiber Sticker DSG shift knobs emblem badge For VolksWagen VW Golf MK7
  • Carbon Fibre material
  • Size: 54mm x 38mm x 0.45mm
  • Compatible Model: Volkswagen Model

 

(Set of 2) Pinalloy Universal Carbon Fiber Trim Bumper Fin Wind Knife Kit for Volkswagen VW MK7 Golf7

Spec

 

  • One set (2 pieces [1 x left 1 x right] ) of front bumper carbon fiber pattern canards splitters
  • Color: Matte Black
  • Material: Carbon Fiber
  • Size: 13.5cm x 3.8cm
  • Universal fit all cars
  • Easy Installation without modification

 

Deluxe Real Carbon Fiber Remote Flip Key Cover Case Skin Shell for VW Seat Skoda TC0001

Spec:

 

  • Material: 100% Pure Real Carbon Fiber (NOT made by cheap plastic carbon pattern or carbon pattern sticker)
  • 100% Brand New in Luxury Gift Box
  • Brand: T-Carbon
  • Perfect Fit
  • Anti-Skid rail designed
  • Easy to install or remove (Clip in or off)
  • Front and back included

The brand new Remote Key Cover fits these flip keys from (approx) 11/2009:

 

  • VW Golf
  • VW Passat
  • VW New Beetle
  • VW Scirocco
  • VW Jetta
  • VW Touran
  • VW Fox
  • VW Polo
  • VW Tiguan
  • VW Eos
  • VW Sharan
  • VW Touareg
  • VW Phateon
  • VW Caddy
  • VW T5
  • VW Amarok
  • VW Lupo
  • VW Up!
  • Seat Altea
  • Seat Alhambra
  • Seat Leon
  • Seat Ibiza
  • Seat Arosa
  • Seat Mii
  • Skoda Octavia
  • Skoda Fabia
  • Skoda Superb
  • Skoda Roomster
  • Skoda Yeti
  • Skoda Citigo
  • Skoda Rabid

 

up to 10/2009 big logo (date may vary)

 

from 11/2009 small logo (date may vary)

 

Please Note:

 

  • This is a stick on design and comes with the required 3m adhesive to stick to your key.
  • Check the design of your key is the same as the one in the image shown before purchasing.

 

Pinalloy 5 Meters Chrome Car interior DIY Exterior Decoration Moulding Trim Strip line Sticker Insert type Air Outlet Dashboard Decoration 3D Strip

Spec:

 

  • New electroplating design – Enduring Character Color, Embedded Mounted in Your Car, And Will Not Cause Damage To The Car Surface, Super Flexible, Makes this Easy to Install Around Those Tight Corners and Hard to Reach Places,
  • Works perfectly for both interior and exterior applications,Can Prevent The Ash Layer Into The Gap Is Difficult To Clean Up The Cause Not Beautiful
  • Easy to install, stylish,Will not damage the surface of your car
  • Unique Function Moulding Trim Strip-Flexible Shape to Decorate Your Car Interior Trim,Metal Reflective Radiation Processing,Soft Material,Shock Absorption To Sound

Product:

 

  • Size: About 5M long; About 1 – 3 MM wide
  • Package includes: 1 Bag Car Moulding Strip (5M Long/Bag)

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at Steering wheel paddles, Paddle shift automatic transmission, Carbon Car Accessories, Carbon Accessories & carbon fiber wrap

Compatible Model – Volkswagen Model

(Set of 2) Pinalloy Real Carbon Fiber DSG Shift Knobs Emblem Badge For VolksWagen VW Golf MK7

This Carbon Designer DSG shift knobs emblem badge is designed specifically for car fanatics. It provides comfortable driving experience and adds unique taste to car interior. This item has been proved to be a priority upgrade for most Volkswagen enthusiasts.

 

Spec:

 

  • Including: (Set of 2 – Left and Right per 1) Pinalloy Real Carbon Fiber Sticker DSG shift knobs emblem badge For VolksWagen VW Golf MK7
  • Carbon Fibre material
  • Size: 54mm x 38mm x 0.45mm
  • Compatible Model: Volkswagen Model

 

(Set of 2) Pinalloy Universal Carbon Fiber Trim Bumper Fin Wind Knife Kit for Volkswagen VW MK7 Golf7

Spec

 

  • One set (2 pieces [1 x left 1 x right] ) of front bumper carbon fiber pattern canards splitters
  • Color: Matte Black
  • Material: Carbon Fiber
  • Size: 13.5cm x 3.8cm
  • Universal fit all cars
  • Easy Installation without modification

 

Deluxe Real Carbon Fiber Remote Flip Key Cover Case Skin Shell for VW Seat Skoda TC0001

Spec:

 

  • Material: 100% Pure Real Carbon Fiber (NOT made by cheap plastic carbon pattern or carbon pattern sticker)
  • 100% Brand New in Luxury Gift Box
  • Brand: T-Carbon
  • Perfect Fit
  • Anti-Skid rail designed
  • Easy to install or remove (Clip in or off)
  • Front and back included

The brand new Remote Key Cover fits these flip keys from (approx) 11/2009:

 

  • VW Golf
  • VW Passat
  • VW New Beetle
  • VW Scirocco
  • VW Jetta
  • VW Touran
  • VW Fox
  • VW Polo
  • VW Tiguan
  • VW Eos
  • VW Sharan
  • VW Touareg
  • VW Phateon
  • VW Caddy
  • VW T5
  • VW Amarok
  • VW Lupo
  • VW Up!
  • Seat Altea
  • Seat Alhambra
  • Seat Leon
  • Seat Ibiza
  • Seat Arosa
  • Seat Mii
  • Skoda Octavia
  • Skoda Fabia
  • Skoda Superb
  • Skoda Roomster
  • Skoda Yeti
  • Skoda Citigo
  • Skoda Rabid

 

up to 10/2009 big logo (date may vary)

 

from 11/2009 small logo (date may vary)

 

Please Note:

 

  • This is a stick on design and comes with the required 3m adhesive to stick to your key.
  • Check the design of your key is the same as the one in the image shown before purchasing.

 

Pinalloy 5 Meters Chrome Car interior DIY Exterior Decoration Moulding Trim Strip line Sticker Insert type Air Outlet Dashboard Decoration 3D Strip

Spec:

 

  • New electroplating design – Enduring Character Color, Embedded Mounted in Your Car, And Will Not Cause Damage To The Car Surface, Super Flexible, Makes this Easy to Install Around Those Tight Corners and Hard to Reach Places,
  • Works perfectly for both interior and exterior applications,Can Prevent The Ash Layer Into The Gap Is Difficult To Clean Up The Cause Not Beautiful
  • Easy to install, stylish,Will not damage the surface of your car
  • Unique Function Moulding Trim Strip-Flexible Shape to Decorate Your Car Interior Trim,Metal Reflective Radiation Processing,Soft Material,Shock Absorption To Sound

Product:

 

  • Size: About 5M long; About 1 – 3 MM wide
  • Package includes: 1 Bag Car Moulding Strip (5M Long/Bag)

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at Steering wheel paddles, Paddle shift automatic transmission, Carbon Car Accessories, Carbon Accessories & carbon fiber wrap

Pinalloy Black Steering Paddle Shifter Extension VW Golf MK7 Scirocco Gti R

Spec

 

  • Brand: Pinalloy
  • New, Unused
  • Material: High quality Aluminum
  • ONE-PIECE-CUT finished (No any screw on it)
  • Matte Surface

 

Including:

 

  • Pinalloy Alloy DSG Paddle Extension x 1 set (Left & Right)
  • Tools set x 1

 

Compatible Vehicles:

 

  • Volkswagen Golf MK7
  • Volkswagen Scirocco / Scirocco R (2015-2016)

 

Note: Only can use for steering wheel DSG + / – function vehicle

Pinalloy ABS Carbon Fiber Texture Gear Shift Head Cover For Audi A4L A5 2017-18 and Q7 2016-18

Spec:

 

  • Brand New! Exactly as pictures show!
  • Condition: 100% Brand New
  • Feature: 100% Waterproof, antifouling, easy to clean
  • Material: High Quality ABS and Carbon Fiber Texture
  • Excellent DIY Statup, transform your “normal looking car” to sports grade
  • Easy Installation

 

Package includes:

 

  • 1pc Carbon Fiber Gear Shift Head Cover

Compatible Vehicles:

  • Audi A4L A5 2017-18
  • Audi Q7 2016-18

 

Pinalloy CNC Red Metal Alloy Steering Paddle Shifter Extension for Audi A3 A4L A5 Q7 TT TTS S4 Q2 S3 SQ 2016-2017

 

Spec:

 

  • Brand: Pinalloy
  • New, Unused
  • Material: High Quality CNC Alloy Metal
  • ONE-PIECE-CUT finished (No any screw on it)

Including:

  • Pinalloy CNC Alloy Metal Paddle Shifter Extension x 1 set (Left & Right)
  • 3M Tape Set x 1
  • Tool Set x 1

 

Compatible Vehicles:

 

  • Audi A3 2017
  • Audi S4L 2017
  • Audi A5 2017
  • Audi Q7 2016 – 2017
  • Audi TT 2015 – 2017
  • Audi TTS 2016 – 2017
  • Audi S4 2016 – 2017
  • Audi Q2 2016 – 2017
  • Audi S3 2017
  • Audi SQ 2018

 

Pinalloy Carbon Fiber Interior Console Gear Shift Panel Cover Trim 1-pack for Audi A3 S3 2013-2018

 

Spec:

 

  • Fit for Audi A3 8V S3 2013 – 2018
  • Material: High quality Carbon fiber+epoxy
  • Easy installation with 3M tape and no need extra tools
  • It helps prevent damage from nails scratch and cover all kind of scratches
  • Kept a perfect appearance with a neat surface , and also can help enhance the style of your original car

 

Pinalloy Paddle Shifter Extensions

 

A semi-automatic transmission (SAT) (also known as a clutchless manual transmission, automated manual transmission, flappy-paddle gearbox, or paddle-shift gearbox) is an automobile transmission that does not change gears automatically, but rather facilitates manual gear changes by dispensing with the need to press a clutch pedal at the same time as changing gears.

 

It uses electronic sensors, pneumatics, processors and actuators to execute gear shifts on input from the driver or by a computer. This removes the need for a clutch pedal which the driver otherwise needs to depress before making a gear change, since the clutch itself is actuated by electronic equipment which can synchronise the timing and torque required to make quick, smooth gear shifts.

 

The system was designed by automobile manufacturers to provide a better driving experience through fast overtaking maneuvers on highways. With Pinalloy Paddle Shifter Extensions, you could use a system with a conventional gearchange but without the need for manual clutch operation.

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at vw keyring, tire air cap, paddle shift, Mustang paddle shifter & Steering wheel paddle shifters

Shipping Info Part – I

  • We Ship Worldwide! All orders ship within 1 – 3 business day, and the business days are Monday-Friday and exclude Hong Kong Holidays.
  • Available shipping methods and exact shipping rates can be calculated in your cart before checkout.
  • Cost varies depending on location and number of products ordered.
  • Shipping Method: Hong Kong Post / China Post / DHL
  • Country & estimated delivery time after the tracking number is uploaded:

o             Australia: 8-15 business days

o             United States: 8-15 business days

o             UK / Spain / Germany / Netherlands / France / Italy and in many other European countries 14 – 30 working days

 

o             Canada: 10 – 25 working days

o             Other countries: 10 – 35 working days

  • All orders are subjected to complete payment verification before shipping.
  • Please note that weather delays or other factors beyond our control may impact delivery times and are non-refundable.
  • If for some reason we cannot fulfill your order, we will contact you by the email address used at checkout.

 

  • All rates are subject to change.
  • All prices are listed in US Dollars (USD).
  • Customs Charges and Duties: Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding or buying. Tax and duty amount is presented during delivery, not during checkout.

 

FAQ:

 

  • How should I do If the purchased the items have been taking >30 days without receiving?

Please contact the customs in your country, the items are normally held by customs.

  • How should I do when the items are unable to track and have not yet received >30 days?

Please contact me through website message, or email us at pinalloy@gmail.com and we will further contact with you on the solution or refund arrangement.

 

How to Install Pinalloy Shifter Paddles Extensions?

 

How do you install our Pinalloy Metal Steering Paddle Shifter Extension?

 

  • Put it right behind your Paddle Shifter on the Sterring Wheel
  • Using our provided tool set (Alien Key and Screws)
  • You may also use 3M tape instead of screws set

 

More Details on Pinalloy Paddle Shifter Extensions

 

  • ONE-PIECE-CUT finished (No any screw on it)
  • Matte Surface
  • 1 set of Pinalloy Alloy Paddle Shifter Extension include Left & Right
  • Tools set x 1
  • Only can use for steering wheel + / – function vehicle

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at Steering wheel paddle shifters, Steering wheel paddles, Paddle shift automatic transmission, Carbon Car Accessories & Carbon Accessories

Shipping Info Part – I

  • We Ship Worldwide! All orders ship within 1 – 3 business day, and the business days are Monday-Friday and exclude Hong Kong Holidays.
  • Available shipping methods and exact shipping rates can be calculated in your cart before checkout.
  • Cost varies depending on location and number of products ordered.
  • Shipping Method: Hong Kong Post / China Post / DHL
  • Country & estimated delivery time after the tracking number is uploaded:

o             Australia: 8-15 business days

o             United States: 8-15 business days

o             UK / Spain / Germany / Netherlands / France / Italy and in many other European countries 14 – 30 working days

 

o             Canada: 10 – 25 working days

o             Other countries: 10 – 35 working days

  • All orders are subjected to complete payment verification before shipping.
  • Please note that weather delays or other factors beyond our control may impact delivery times and are non-refundable.
  • If for some reason we cannot fulfill your order, we will contact you by the email address used at checkout.

 

  • All rates are subject to change.
  • All prices are listed in US Dollars (USD).
  • Customs Charges and Duties: Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding or buying. Tax and duty amount is presented during delivery, not during checkout.

 

FAQ:

 

  • How should I do If the purchased the items have been taking >30 days without receiving?

Please contact the customs in your country, the items are normally held by customs.

  • How should I do when the items are unable to track and have not yet received >30 days?

Please contact me through website message, or email us at pinalloy@gmail.com and we will further contact with you on the solution or refund arrangement.

 

How to Install Pinalloy Shifter Paddles Extensions?

 

How do you install our Pinalloy Metal Steering Paddle Shifter Extension?

 

  • Put it right behind your Paddle Shifter on the Sterring Wheel
  • Using our provided tool set (Alien Key and Screws)
  • You may also use 3M tape instead of screws set

 

More Details on Pinalloy Paddle Shifter Extensions

 

  • ONE-PIECE-CUT finished (No any screw on it)
  • Matte Surface
  • 1 set of Pinalloy Alloy Paddle Shifter Extension include Left & Right
  • Tools set x 1
  • Only can use for steering wheel + / – function vehicle

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at Steering wheel paddle shifters, Steering wheel paddles, Paddle shift automatic transmission, Carbon Car Accessories & Carbon Accessories

CNC Router Part – I

  • CNC is a computer controlled cutting machine related to the hand held router used for cutting various hard materials, such as wood, composites, aluminum, steel, plastics, and foams. CNC stands for computer numerical control. CNC routers can perform the tasks of many carpentry shop machines such as the panel saw, the spindle moulder, and the boring machine. They can also cut mortises and tenons.
  • A CNC router is very similar in concept to a CNC milling machine. Instead of routing by hand, tool paths are controlled via computer numerical control. The CNC router is one of many kinds of tools that have CNC variants.
  • A CNC router typically produces consistent and high-quality work and improves factory productivity. Unlike a jig router, the CNC router can produce a one-off as effectively as repeated identical production. Automation and precision are the key benefits of CNC router tables.
  • Drawing of a Tabletop DIY – CNC router. Silver: Iron, Red: Stepper Motors, Light Brown: MDF, Dark Brown: Hard Wood
  • A CNC router can reduce waste, frequency of errors, and the time the finished product takes to get to market.

Carbon

 

  • It is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. There are three naturally occurring isotopes, with 12C and 13C being stable, while 14C is radioactive, decaying with a half-life of about 5,730 years. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity.
  • Carbon is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. It is present in all forms of carbon-based life, and in the human body carbon is the second most abundant element by mass (about 18.5%) after oxygen. This abundance, together with the unique diversity of organic compounds and their unusual polymer-forming ability at the temperatures commonly encountered on Earth, make this element the chemical basis of all known life.

 

  • The atoms of carbon can be bonded together in different ways: allotropes of carbon. The best known are graphite, diamond, and amorphous carbon. The physical properties of carbon vary widely with the allotropic form. For example, graphite is opaque and black, while diamond is highly transparent. Graphite is soft enough to form a streak on paper (hence its name, from the Greek word “γράφω” which means “to write”), while diamond is the hardest naturally-occurring material known. Graphite is a very good conductor, while diamond has a very low electrical conductivity. Under normal conditions, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and graphene have the highest thermal conductivities of all known materials. All carbon allotropes are solids under normal conditions, with graphite being the most thermodynamically stable form. They are chemically resistant and require high temperature to react even with oxygen.

 

  • The most common oxidation state of carbon in inorganic compounds is +4, while +2 is found in carbon monoxide and other transition metal carbonyl complexes. The largest sources of inorganic carbon are limestone; dolomites and carbon dioxide, but significant quantities occur in organic deposits of coal, peat, oil and methane catharses. Carbon forms a vast number of compounds, more than any other element, with almost ten million compounds described to date, which in turn are a tiny fraction of such compounds that are theoretically possible under standard conditions.

 

Go Green – Skateboard / Longboard

 

Pinalloy Go Green – everything you own (or use) such as driving to work/school, car wash, gas, fuel… They do not simply come from “the store.”; they all have an environmental impact. Now it is the time to ask yourself, what could we do to help this “inconvenience truth”?

 

“A small step for a man a giant leap for mankind” – Neil Armstrong

Go Green project recommend you with using bicycle / skateboard / longboard instead of using car. Every step you change helps our environment a giant leap.

 

Introducing double wheeled kit for skateboard/ longboard, a maximizer to upgrade your board to be durable on street/ road; enhancing the performance on skating on stairway.

 

About Us

 

http://www.pinalloy.com, found in 2015 in China, international retail seller, provide auto accessories to enhance your joy with very reasonable price. We have aligned factories with technology:

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at vw keyring, tire air cap, paddle shift, Paddle shifter extensions & Mustang paddle shifter

Shipping Info

  • We Ship Worldwide! All orders ship within 1 – 3 business day, and the business days are Monday-Friday and exclude Hong Kong Holidays.
  • Available shipping methods and exact shipping rates can be calculated in your cart before checkout.
  • Cost varies depending on location and number of products ordered.
  • Shipping Method: Hong Kong Post / China Post / DHL
  • Country & estimated delivery time after the tracking number is uploaded:

o             Australia: 8-15 business days

o             United States: 8-15 business days

o             UK / Spain / Germany / Netherlands / France / Italy and in many other European countries 14 – 30 working days

o             Canada: 10 – 25 working days

o             Other countries: 10 – 35 working days

 

  • All orders are subjected to complete payment verification before shipping.

 

  • Please note that weather delays or other factors beyond our control may impact delivery times and are non-refundable.
  • If for some reason we cannot fulfill your order, we will contact you by the email address used at checkout.
  • All rates are subject to change.
  • All prices are listed in US Dollars (USD).

 

  • Customs Charges and Duties: Import duties, taxes, and charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. These charges are the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to bidding or buying. Tax and duty amount is presented during delivery, not during checkout.

 

CNC router

 

  • CNC is a computer controlled cutting machine related to the hand held router used for cutting various hard materials, such as wood, composites, aluminum, steel, plastics, and foams. CNC stands for computer numerical control. CNC routers can perform the tasks of many carpentry shop machines such as the panel saw, the spindle moulder, and the boring machine. They can also cut mortises and tenons.
  • A CNC router is very similar in concept to a CNC milling machine. Instead of routing by hand, tool paths are controlled via computer numerical control. The CNC router is one of many kinds of tools that have CNC variants.

 

  • A CNC router typically produces consistent and high-quality work and improves factory productivity. Unlike a jig router, the CNC router can produce a one-off as effectively as repeated identical production. Automation and precision are the key benefits of CNC router tables.
  • Drawing of a Tabletop DIY – CNC router. Silver: Iron, Red: Stepper Motors, Light Brown: MDF, Dark Brown: Hard Wood
  • A CNC router can reduce waste, frequency of errors, and the time the finished product takes to get to market.

 

For more details on our products and services, please feel free to visit us at vw keyring, tire air cap, paddle shift, Paddle shifter extensions & Steering wheel paddle shifters